Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet


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French preacher. In 1669 he was appointed Bp. of Condom and also delivered the first of his great ‘Funeral Orations’ (on Henrietta Maria). From 1670 to 1681 he was tutor to the Dauphin, in 1681 becoming Bp. of Meaux. He then took a prominent part in French ecclesiastical affairs. In 1682 he was mainly instrumental in securing the support of the French clergy for the moderate Gallicanism of the Four Gallican Articles which he drew up. He approved the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685) and directed various works against the Protestants. In his last years the case of Mme Guyon led him into a bitter controversy with F. Fénelon, and Bossuet was mainly responsible for Fénelon's condemnation in 1699. His Méditations sur l'Évangile (published 1731) and his Élévations sur les mystères (published 1727) are classics of French Catholic devotional literature.

Subjects: Literature.

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