playwright, achieved great success with his comedy London Assurance (1841), written under the pseudonym of Lee Morton. He subsequently wrote and adapted some 200 plays, including The Corsican Brothers (1852, from the French), The Poor of New York (1857), The Colleen Bawn; or The Brides of Garryowen (1860), and The Shaughraun (1874). He was responsible for the introduction of a royalty from plays and copyright for dramatists in America. With the rise of realism and the emergence of Ibsen and G. B. Shaw, his work fell out of fashion, but it influenced O'Casey.
Subjects: Theatre — Literature.