Botany Bay

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James Cook (1728—1779) explorer

Joseph Banks (1743—1820) naturalist and patron of science

Arthur Phillip (1738—1814) colonial governor and naval officer


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An inlet of the Tasman Sea on the coast of New South Wales, south-east Australia, just south of Sydney. In 1770 Captain James Cook landed here naming the bay after the large variety of plants collected by the naturalist on the voyage, Sir Joseph Banks (1743–1820). Chosen as the site for a penal settlement in 1787, it proved to be unsuitable and a location at nearby Sydney Cove was selected.

Subjects: Regional and National History — Literature.

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