bound energy

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bound energy n.

bound energy n.

A consequence of a lower bound of the K-energy

On the lower bound of the Mabuchi energy and its application

Electron diffraction of polysiloxane-bound metal complexes using energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM)

Estimation of the Lin-Yang Bound of the Least Static Energy of the Faddeev Model

Positive-Energy, Bound-State, Bethe-Salpeter Solutions of a Spinor and a Scalar Exchanging Photons

Use of a novel Förster resonance energy transfer method to identify locations of site-bound metal ions in the U2–U6 snRNA complex

Three oligotrophic bacterial strains were cultured from the ground water of the deep-well monitoring site S15 of the Siberian radioactive waste depository Tomsk-7, Russia. They were affiliated with Actinobacteria from the genus Microbacterium. The almost fully sequenced 16S rRNA genes of two of the isolates, S15-M2 and S15-M5, were identical to those of cultured representatives of the species Microbacterium oxydans. The third isolate, S15-M4, shared 99.8% of 16S rRNA gene identity with them. The latter isolate possessed a distinct cell morphology as well as carbon source utilization pattern from the M. oxydans strains S15-M2 and S15-M5. The three isolates tolerated equal amounts of uranium, lead, copper, silver and chromium but they differed in their tolerance of cadmium and nickel. The cells of all three strains accumulated high amounts of uranium, i.e. up to 240 mg U (g dry biomass)−1 in the case of M. oxydans S15-M2. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) analysis showed that this strain precipitated U(VI) at pH 4.5 as a meta-autunite-like phase. At pH 2, the uranium formed complexes with organically bound phosphate groups on the cell surface. The results of the XAS studies were consistent with those obtained by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX)


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In psychoanalysis, psychic energy in the secondary process, contained and accumulating within particular groups of neurons, its flow being subject to checks and controls through binding. Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) attributed the concept to the Austrian physician Josef Breuer (1842–1925), but Breuer, although he discussed a related concept, never used the term, and the version of the concept that Freud published in 1895 in his ‘Project for a Scientific Psychology’ (Standard Edition, I, pp. 177–397) is quite different from Breuer's, although both based their notions on the principle of constancy. See also nirvana principle, reality principle. Compare free energy.

Subjects: Psychology.

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