(b Nantes, 1840; d Vernouillet, Paris, 1910).
Fr. composer and scholar. Won Prix de Rome. From 1868 cond. of a Paris choral body which revived comps. of Palestrina, Bach, and others. Prof. of History of Mus. at Cons., 1878–1908. In 1874 went to Greece on official mission, and studied folk mus. on which he became authority. Pubd. colls. of folk‐songs from Greece, Brittany, Scotland, and the Middle East. Comp. 5 operas and choral works, incl. Stabat Mater (1868).