Bowling, whether tenpin bowling with a large, heavy bowl or lawn bowls played with a lighter, wooden bowl, is not a great stamina builder, but it can increase flexibility of arms and shoulders, strengthen legs, and improve coordination. The act of delivering a bowl involves a back swing, forward swing, release, and follow through. These movements involve the coordinated action of muscles in the back, shoulders, arms, and legs. During the delivery, the back may be bent forward and twisted. This imposes considerable mechanical stress on the discs, ligaments, and muscles of the lower back. Consequently, bowling is not recommended for people with persistent lower back problems, and all bowlers are advised to warm up. Gentle mobility and stretching exercises help to reduce the risk of injury.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.