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Developed from uncontrolled encounters, in which wrestling, kicking, gouging, biting, hair‐pulling, and kicking opponents when down were practised. Early prize fights went on until one of the combatants could not continue. By 1838 London Prize Ring rules were in use, with a roped‐off ring. The Queensberry rules from 1867 onwards took some time to establish themselves: they included padded gloves, 3‐minute rounds, and a 10‐second knock‐out. The Amateur Boxing Association was set up in 1880 and boxing was brought into the Olympic Games in 1904. In professional boxing, the British Board of Control has supervised since 1919, though international authorities have proliferated.

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