(1745–1826). French painter and inventor. He studied with Maurice-Quentin de Latour and had a successful career as a society pastellist and miniature painter before the Revolution. His works from this time include the beautiful portrait of Marie-Antoinette's lady-in-waiting Mme Campin (1786; Versailles). He later depicted a number of the revolutionary leaders before going into exile because of his royalist connections. The end of his career was overshadowed by accusations that he had tried to pass off the work of more talented painters as his own. Among his inventions was a quick-release harness for four-horse wagons.
From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.