(b Hamburg, 7 May 1833; d Vienna, 3 Apr. 1897)
German composer. Although he wrote no ballet music, his music has been used by many choreographers, most controversially Massine, who used his 4th Symphony for the 1933 ballet Choreartium. Other settings of his music include Nijinska's Brahms Variations (1944 set to Variations on Themes by Handel and Paganini): Balanchine's Liebeslieder Walzer (1960) and Brahms-Schoenberg Quartet (1966); Ashton's Five Brahms Waltzes in the Manner of Isadora Duncan (1976); Tharp's Brahms' Paganini (1980, set to the Paganini Variations); Tharp and Robbins's Brahms/Handel (1984, set to Variation and Fugue on a Theme by Handel), Tharp's The Brahms-Haydn Variations (2000, set to Variations on a Theme by Haydn for Orchestra and Mark Morris's New Love Song Waltzes (1982 set to Neue Liebeslieder) and Love Song Waltzes (1989, set to Liebeslieder).