An educational programme based on using physical movement to develop an integrated and coordinated approach to learning, using not only cognition, but also physical and sensory skills. Known as Educational Kinesiology because of its emphasis on movement, this approach was originally developed in the United States to support the learning of children and adults with learning difficulties such dyslexia or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is used in some schools to help raise standards of pupil learning, behaviour, and attention; and is also used outside education by some adults as a means of stress management or memory improvement. The idea that such exercises can effectively improve brain function have, however, come under criticism and have been accused of being based upon ‘bad science’. The terms ‘Brain Gym’ and ‘Educational Kinesiology’ are both registered trademarks.