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Brasidas

(d. 422 bc)


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(d. 422 bc),

Spartan commander. Following distinguished action as a trierarch at Pylos in 425, he was sent to northern Greece in 424 with a small force of helots and mercenaries. After saving Megara en route, he rapidly gained several important cities, including Amphipolis and Torone, ignoring the armistice of 423 by supporting the revolts of  Scione and Mendē. Although unable to protect all his successes adequately, he permanently injured Athens' interests in the region. In 422 he defeated an Athenian army under Cleon at Amphipolis, but was himself mortally wounded. Brasidas served as a prototype for Sparta's later conduct of foreign campaigns through semi‐independent Spartiate military governors (harmosts) commanding non‐Spartiate troops, and his success encouraged her future use of helots freed for military service.

Subjects: Classical Studies — Military History.


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