A Dutch city in North Brabant, historically an important frontier town close to the Belgian border. The Compromise of Breda in 1566 was a league formed by Protestant and Catholic nobles and burghers to fight against Philip II's policies in the Netherlands. The most dramatic event in its history was its surrender to the Spanish commander Spinola in 1625; it was retaken by the Dutch in 1636 and finally became part of the Netherlands in 1648. The Declaration of Breda was made by Charles II in 1660 just before his Restoration, promising an amnesty, religious toleration, and payment of arrears to the army. The Treaty of Breda (1667) ended the second Anglo-Dutch War.
Subjects: World History.