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Common name Star RA h m dec (2000.0) ° Apparent magnitude Spectral type Distance (l.y.) Absolute magnitude

Sirius α Canis Majoris 06 45.2 −16 43 −1.44 A1V 8.60 1.45

Canopus α Carinae 06 24.0 −52 42 −0.62 F0II 313 −5.53

Rigil Kentaurus α Centauri 14 39.6 −60 50 −0.28a G2V + K1V 4.39 4.07a

Arcturus α Boötis 14 15.7 +19 11 −0.05b K1.5III 36.7 −0.31

Vega α Lyrae 18 36.9 +38 47 +0.03b A0V 25.3 0.58

Capella α Aurigae 05 16.7 +46 00 0.08b G8III + G0III 42.2 −0.48

Rigel β Orionis 05 14.5 −08 12 0.18b B8Iab 773 −6.69

Procyon α Canis Minoris 07 39.3 +05 14 0.40 F5IV–V 11.4 2.68

Achernar α Eridani 01 37.7 −57 14 0.45b B3Vpe 144 −2.77

Betelgeuse α Orionis 05 55.2 +07 24 0.45b M2Iab 427 −5.14

Hadar β Centauri 14 03.8 −60 22 0.61b B1III 525 −5.42

Altair α Aquilae 19 50.8 +08 52 0.76b A7V 16.8 2.20

Acrux α Crucis 12 26.6 −63 06 0.77a B0.5IV + B1V 321 −4.19a

Aldebaran α Tauri 04 35.9 +16 31 0.87 K5III 65.1 −0.63

Spica α Virginis 13 25.2 −11 10 0.98b B1III–IV + B2V 262 −3.55

Antares α Scorpii 16 29.4 −26 26 1.06b M1.5Iab–b 604 −5.29

Pollux β Geminorum 07 45.3 +28 02 1.16 K0IIIb 33.7 1.09

Fomalhaut α Piscis Austrini 22 57.7 −29 37 1.17 A3V 25.1 1.73

Becrux β Crucis 12 47.7 −59 41 1.25b B0.5III 353 −3.92

Deneb α Cygni 20 41.4 +45 17 1.25b A2Iae 3230 −8.73

Regulus α Leonis 10 08.4 +11 58 1.36 B7V 77.5 −0.52

Adhara ɛ Canis Majoris 06 58.6 −28 58 1.50 B2Iab 431 −4.10

a Combined magnitude of double star. b Variable. For the individual components of α Centauri see Nearest Stars table. Data from The Hipparcos Catalogue. Spectral types from the SIMBAD database.

From A Dictionary of Astronomy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.



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