Ballet in three acts with choreography and libretto by Lopukhov, music by Shostakovich, and designs by V. Bobyshov. Premiered 4 Apr. 1935 by the Maly Theatre, Leningrad. The ballet, set on a collective farm, shows socialist morals prevailing over regressive behaviour when a married agronomist indulges in an extra-marital flirtation. It was intended to please the Soviet authorities, and as such is considered a seminal work of Socialist Realism. However despite its initial success at the Maly, the ballet's music and movement vocabulary were criticized when it transferred to Moscow, as being inappropriate to their subject-matter. Lopukhov was dismissed from his post as ballet chief at the Maly Theatre, and his proposed appointment as director of the Bolshoi Ballet was cancelled. A new version was staged for the Bolshoi in 2003 by Ratmansky.