A survey carried out in England for the Home Office. Its aim is to measure the amount of crime in England and Wales by asking people about crimes they have experienced in the last year. The BCS includes crimes that are not reported to the police, thus allowing the Government to have information on these unreported crimes. The BCS helps in the planning of crime prevention programmes by identifying those most at risk of different types of crime. It also looks at people's attitudes to crime, such as how much they fear crime and what measures they take to avoid it. The BCS also asks people about their attitude to the Criminal Justice System, including the police and the courts. It is criticized by some criminologists because it only questions people over 16 years of age and excludes those in institutions. It also excludes crimes against the state, victimless crimes, and crimes against children and organizations.