(1827–1920) Zebulon Reed Brockway, whose lifelong work in prison service included 25 years as superintendent of the New York State Reformatory in Elmira, was a reformer who believed in rehabilitation rather than punishment. Born in Lyme, Connecticut, Brockway began his career as a clerk at the Connecticut State Prison in Wethersfield, where his father had been a director. His early positions included deputy to the warden at the Albany County Penitentiary (1851–1853), director of the Albany Municipal and County Almshouse (1853–1861), head of the Monroe County Penitentiary at Rochester (1861–1864), and superintendent of the Detroit House of Correction. He resigned in 1872 when his reforms were not fully accepted.
From Encyclopedia of Social Work in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Social Work.