born and reared in Leningrad, imprisoned for two years, then exiled by the Soviet government (1972), presumably for writing apolitical poetry. He has been a visiting professor (1972 ff.) at several U.S. universities. His lyric poetry published in English treating universal or often religious themes includes elegies for Donne and T.S. Eliot and has been collected in Selected Poems (1973) and A Part of Speech (1980). Less Than One (1981) contains essays.