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Symbol Br. A halogen element; a.n. 35; r.a.m. 79.909; r.d. 3.13; m.p. –7.2°C; b.p. 58.78°C. It is a red volatile liquid at room temperature, having a red-brown vapour. Bromine is obtained from brines in the USA (displacement with chlorine); a small amount is obtained from sea water in Anglesey. Large quantities are used to make 1,2-dibromoethane as a petrol additive. It is also used in the manufacture of many other compounds. Chemically, it is intermediate in reactivity between chlorine and iodine. It forms compounds in which it has oxidation states of 1, 3, 5, or 7. The liquid is harmful to human tissue and the vapour irritates the eyes and throat. The element was discovered in 1826 by Antoine Balard.

http://www.webelements.com/webelements/elements/text/Br/key.htm Information from the WebElements site

Subjects: Chemistry — Environmental Science.

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