(1896–1965), British Army officer who pioneered the employment of British airborne forces and oversaw their use in the Bruneval raid and during the North African and Sicilian campaigns. From January 1944 he commanded the 1st Airborne Corps which was subsequently employed during the Normandy landings in June 1944 (see OVERLORD). He then became deputy commander of the First Allied Airborne Army and took a leading part in the planning of MARKET-GARDEN, the objective of which was to create a bridgehead across several water obstacles, the furthest being the River Rhine at Arnhem. (‘I think,’ he said to Montgomery when they discussed the operation prior to its launch on 17 September 1944, ‘we might be going a bridge too far.’) In November 1944 he was appointed Mountbatten's Chief of Staff at South-East Asia Command.
From The Oxford Companion to World War II in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Second World War.