(b Geelong, 1901; d NY, 1969).
Australian baritone. Début Paris 1926. CG début as Marcello in La bohème (sang in last two acts only) on night of Melba's farewell, 8 June 1926; Paris Opéra, 1927–36; Glyndebourne 1935–9 (a famous Don Giovanni); NY Met 1937–56. On staff, Manhattan Sch. of Mus., NY, from 1953, dir. from 1956, pres. 1966–9.