(1805–77), Tennessee preacher and editor, known as “the Fighting Parson.” His pro-Union sympathies, voiced in his newspaper, caused him to be imprisoned and later driven from the South. His Sketches of the Rise, Progress, and Decline of Secession (1862) had a huge Northern circulation. As governor of Tennessee (1865–69), he disfranchised Confederate veterans and attempted to break the Ku Klux Klan. He served as U.S. senator(1869–75).
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.