(1831–99), Scottish divine. Educated at Edinburgh University, he entered the Free Church ministry, and in 1875 was appointed professor in the Free Church Hall at Glasgow. He is chiefly remembered as an exponent of the ‘kenotic theory’, esp. in The Humiliation of Christ (1876). His Kingdom of God; or Christ's Teaching according to the Synoptic Gospels (1889) was much criticized in the General Assembly of the Free Church for its adoption of new principles of biblical criticism, but no formal censure was passed. Among Bruce's later writings were Apologetics; or, Christianity Defensively Stated (1892), and two series of Gifford Lectures for 1896–7 and 1897–8 (pub., 1897 and 1899). He also worked actively for the encouragement of Church music.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.