James Bruce

(1730—1794) traveller in Africa

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British explorer. Bruce established his claim to fame by revealing to the western world that the Blue Nile had its source in Lake Tana, in Abyssinia (Ethiopia). From Cairo in 1768 he travelled upstream as far as Aswan continuing his journey to Lake Tana, which he reached in November 1770. After a perilous homeward journey he reached England in 1774, only to encounter serious doubts about the truth of his discoveries. His claims were vindicated by later travellers.

Subjects: World History.

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