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William Wells Brown

(1814—1884)


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(1816?–84),

black leader, born in Kentucky, reared in St. Louis, where he worked for Lovejoy's press until he found freedom in Ohio, where he aided fugitive slaves. His works include an autobiographical Narrative (1847); The Anti-Slavery Harp (1848), poems; My Three Years in Europe (1852); Clotelle; or, The President's Daughter (London, 1853), said to be the first novel by a black; this tale of a mulatto born to Jefferson's housekeeper was issued in the U.S. without references to the President as Clotelle: A Tale of the Southern States (1864); The Escape (1858), a play; and The Black Man: His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements (1863), expanded as The Rising Son (1874).

Subjects: Literature.


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