Robert Bruce

(1210—1295) magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne

Related Overviews

Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester (c. 1208—1265) magnate and political reformer

battle of Lewes

Edward Balliol (c. 1280—1364) claimant to the Scottish throne

John Balliol (c. 1250—1313)


'Robert Bruce' can also refer to...

Bruce Roberts

Robert Bruce (d. 1304)

Robert Bruce (1554—1631) Church of Scotland minister

Robert Bruce (1616—1685) nobleman

Robert Bruce (c. 1571—1602) political agent and spy

Robert Bruce Merrifield (1921—2006)

(Robert) Bruce Montgomery (1921—1978) composer and detective novelist

Robert Bruce Walker (1832—1901)

Sir Robert Bruce (c. 1293—1332) royal bastard

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (1571—1631) antiquary and politician

Sir Robert Bruce Wycherley (1894—1965) building society manager

Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart (1887—1970) diplomatist and writer


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Known as the ‘Competitor’. Leading member of the 13th‐cent. Scottish nobility and grandfather of King Robert I. His extensive lands stretched from Middlesex to Aberdeenshire, the most important concentrations lying in Essex, Co. Durham, and south‐west Scotland. His transnational interests are reflected in his marriage to Isabel de Clare, daughter of the earl of Gloucester. He also served as sheriff of Cumberland and supported Henry III against Simon de Montfort at Lewes. A truly cosmopolitan figure, he went on crusade to the Holy Land (1271–2). Descended through his mother from David I, he was one of the chief claimants or ‘competitors’ for the vacant Scottish throne in 1291–2, and was bitterly disappointed when Edward I declared in favour of John Balliol.

Subjects: British History.

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