Seventh earl of Elgin, who was a British diplomat, explorer, and amateur antiquarian. He was the British ambassador to Turkey between 1799 and 1803, during which time he obtained permission to remove the marble metopes from the Parthenon in Athens (Greece was a Turkish province at the time). This was done in 1801, the marbles then being taken to London, where they have been on display in the British Museum since 1816. See also repatriation.
Dictionary of National Biography, 3, 130–31
Subjects: Archaeology — World History.