An initiative by governments of the European Union member countries to create a policy of Europe‐wide cooperation in vocational education and training designed to develop an enhanced knowledge‐based economy and to ensure that the European labour market is open to all. The Process has two main thrusts: to establish recognition and transparency in the standards and content of vocational qualifications, and compatibility between the qualification frameworks of member states; and to introduce measures for quality assurance in relation to mutually recognized qualifications. The overall purpose of the Process is to facilitate the mobility of qualified workers between the member states of the EU, and, to this end, the measures taken are aimed at making it possible for employers in any member country to understand clearly the level and scope of the qualifications possessed by a job applicant from any other participating country in the EU. This emphasis on workforce mobility makes the Bruges–Copenhagen Process an important component of the EU's Lisbon Strategy, which aims to improve the competitiveness and status of the European economy. The Process itself originates with an agreement by representatives of EU member states in Bruges in 2001 to move towards a greater degree of transparency and cooperation over vocational education and training. This was followed by a signed declaration by member states in Copenhagen in 2002. The Bruges–Copenhagen Process followed the example of the initiative established earlier to promote a European framework for higher education, now known as the Bologna Process.