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A Messapian city on the Adriatic coast, and an important harbour. In 244 bc, a Latin colony (see ius latii) was founded there, and the via Appia was extended from Tarentum to Brundisium. Thereafter, it was the principal route from Italy to Greece and the east. It was strategically vital during the Punic Wars and the conquest of the east, and was exempted from portoria by Sulla. It was captured by Caesar (49), to cut off Pompey's retreat. It was the location for the Pact of Brundisium, agreed by the triumvirs (40).

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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