(Weißensee, Thuringia, 1700–63, Dresden), became the all-powerful minister of August II, der Starke, and August III of Saxony. As a page he gained the confidence of his sovereign, and by his early thirties was in control of taxes and minister of the interior. By 1738 he was sole minister and in 1746 received the title Prime Minister (Premierminister). He was responsible for the disasters of Saxon foreign policy in the reign of August II, whose confidence in him remained unshaken. Brühl annexed the salaries of all the ministers whom he had displaced and also enriched himself liberally out of the public purse. He acquired a library of more than 60,000 volumes and a splendid collection of pictures; and he is said to have worn a new suit every day. After the death of August III he was dismissed and died a few weeks later. His fortune, at first sequestrated, was later released. His name survives in the Brühlsche Terrasse in Dresden.
From The Oxford Companion to German Literature in Oxford Reference.