novelist, born in West Virginia, USA, her family moved to China as missionaries when she was three months old. After attending university in America, she taught English at the University of Nanking. The Good Earth (1931, Pulitzer Prize), was the first volume in The House of Earth Trilogy (together with Sons, 1932, and A House Divided, 1935) and tells the story of one family in an intimate and brilliant portrait of pre‐revolutionary China. Her style combined the traditions of the Chinese narrative saga along with a semi‐biblical use of language. The Exile (1936) and Fighting Angel (1936) are biographies of her parents. She won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. Author of over a hundred books, many set in China, she was an active campaigner for human rights, women's rights, and racial equality, and founded Welcome House, Inc., the first interracial adoption agency.