German town in south-western Lower Saxony. It was until 1918 the residence of the counts (princes from 1807) of Schaumburg-Lippe. The settlement was originally a castle in the water, built by Adolf VI, Graf von Schaumburg (reg 1315–53), as a means of controlling the Helweg, an old trade route. Bückeburg was first mentioned in a document of 1304, and by 1365 Graf Adolf VIII (reg 1404–27) had granted the settlement around the castle the status of a legal municipality. Bückeburg first achieved significance in 1608, when Ernst, Graf von Schaumburg (from 1619 Prince of the Empire) moved his residence there from neighbouring Stadthagen. In 1609 he granted Bückeburg its town charter and appointed some of the most prominent artists of the time to construct and remodel buildings in the town, including the architect giovanni maria Nosseni, the sculptor adriaen de Vries and the painter hans Rottenhammer i, as well as such local craftsmen as Ebert Wulff II, Jonas Wulff and Hans Wulff from Hildesheim (see Wulff; see also Schaumburg, ernst graf von). The castle, including older parts of the building such as the 14th-century chapel, was expanded in the Weser Renaissance style and cut off from the town by a splendid Mannerist gate. The market-place, which abutted the castle precincts, was bounded by the town hall, treasury and court buildings. The castle was further remodelled in 1732 following a fire. Its present layout is the result of comprehensive rebuilding in 1893–8, when two buildings were added in a Renaissance Revival style.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.