John Wright Buckham was born on 5 November 1864 in Burlington, Vermont. He was educated at the University of Vermont, where his father Matthew Henry Buckham served as President from 1871 to 1910. At Vermont, Buckham studied philosophy with Henry A. P. Torrey and embraced Kant's critical idealism and moral religion. Graduating with his BA from Vermont in 1885, he entered Andover Theological Seminary at the height of the “Andover Controversy” over future probation and historical criticism. Buckham identified with the controversial “Progressive Orthodoxy” of his teachers, graduated from Andover in 1888, and was ordained a Congregational minister in that year, although conservatives objected to his belief in biblical criticism and universal salvation. From 1890 to 1903 Buckham was minister of the Crombie Street Church in Salem, Massachusetts, and continued to study idealistic philosophy and liberal theology.
From The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers in Oxford Reference.