2nd duke of Buckingham, Henry Stafford

(1455—1483) magnate and rebel

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Buckingham came from a staunchly Lancastrian family. He could expect little favour from the Yorkist establishment, but Edward IV's death opened the door. Allying himself with Richard of Gloucester, the two dukes swept to power in the summer of 1483. With Gloucester crowned as Richard III, Buckingham looked well set. Yet within four months he joined southern gentry in rebellion. Betrayed to the king, he was summarily executed at Salisbury on 2 November. He may have been converted to Henry Tudor's cause; he might have judged that he was again joining the winning side; or he might even have had fantasies about the crown.

Subjects: British History.

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