The fourteenth book of the Khuddaka Nikāya of the Pāli Canon. It is a work in verse whose author is not known. In it Gautama (Pāli, Gotama) Buddha relates the lives of the 24 Buddhas who preceded him, and his former actions in relation to those Buddhas. His name as a former Bodhisattva (Pāli, Bodhisatta) under each Buddha is also given. It is said that the Buddhavaṃsa was preached, at Śāriputra's request, after the Buddha had performed the miracle of the ratanacaṇkama (jewelled walk) and the introductory chapter of this work is called the Ratanacaṇkamana-khandha. The last chapter deals with the distribution of Gautama's relics. The commentary on the Buddhavaṃsa is known as the Madhuratthavilāsinī.