A Central Asian state that existed from circa 1500 to 1920. Ousting the Timurids, Uzbeks formed a decentralized polity based in several cities including Bukhara, Samarqand, and Tashkent. Late-sixteenth-century Bukhara emerged as the effective capital of a more centralized state, retaining its status through the political and economic decline of eighteenth-century Central Asia. The late nineteenth century saw commercial and diplomatic ties with Russia give way to armed conflict soon after the Russian conquest of Tashkent (1865). In 1920 the former khanate became the Bukharan People's Soviet Republic, dissolving into the Soviet republic of Uzbekistan in 1924.
See also Central Asia, Islam in