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Meaning ‘Beech‐Tree Country’, it is a disputed area in the Carpathian foothills. It was part of Austria and then Austria‐Hungary from 1775, inhabited mostly by Ukrainians. After World War I it became part of Romania. Northern Bukovina was occupied by the Soviet Red Army in June 1940, as part of the Hitler–Stalin Pact. When Romania joined Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, its troops reoccupied the territory. It finally came under Soviet control in 1944, and was formally recognized as part of the Soviet Union in 1947, when it became part of Ukraine.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Second World War.

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