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A bulldog has traditionally been taken as the symbol of what are regarded as British characteristics of pluck and stubbornness, and may generally denote a person noted for courageous or stubborn tenacity.

At Oxford and Cambridge Universities, bulldog is used informally for an official who assists the proctors, especially in disciplinary matters.

Bulldog Drummond the hero of a series of novels by Sapper (H. C. McNeile, 1888–1937); the former Captain Drummond is a large, ugly, xenophobic, but charming ex-army officer who despite his apparent brainlessness defeats a succession of fiendishly clever international crooks with a blend of violence and daring.

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