Hubert de Burgh

(c. 1175—1243) justiciar

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(c. 1175–1243).

A younger son of Norfolk gentry, he rose to govern Plantagenet England and marry a sister of a king of Scotland. Hubert entered John's service in the 1190s. His reputation was made by his defence of the castle of Chinon in Anjou against Philip Augustus in 1205. Recalled to England he was appointed justiciar at the height of the Magna Carta crisis and remained in that office until 1232. He played a decisive part in the war of 1215–17, successfully resisting Prince Louis of France's siege of Dover castle (1216–17), and commanding the victorious English fleet at the August 1217 battle of Sandwich (or Dover). From 1219 onwards Hubert was the most influential figure in Henry III's minority government. In 1221 he married, as his third wife, Margaret, sister of Alexander II of Scotland, and four years later was created earl of Kent. In 1232 Peter des Roches persuaded Henry to dismiss and imprison him. He made a dramatic escape in 1233, but never recovered his former influence.

Subjects: British History.

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