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burial site


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[Ge]

A place where human communities deliberately interred their dead, either as inhumations or cremations. Such sites may or may not be elaborated with markers or other kinds of monumental construction. Many different kinds of burial rites have been identified from archaeological evidence, but four forms of inhumation are especially recurrent through many periods over wide areas: extended burial where the corpse is stretched out, arms to the sides; flexed burial where the corpse is lying slightly to one side with knees slightly bent; crouched burial where the corpse is lying on its side with the legs brought up underneath, knees bent, as if asleep; and contracted burial where the corpse is lying on its side with the legs and arms against the chest coiled up into the foetal position. See also prone burial; supine burial.

Subjects: Archaeology.


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