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Francis Crawford Burkitt

(1864—1935) biblical scholar


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(1864–1935), NT, Semitic, and patristic scholar. He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge, and from 1905 till his death he was Norrisian (from 1934 ‘Norris-Hulse’) Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. He was esp. attracted to some of the more out-of-the-way fields in the history of early Christianity, and did important original work on the Syriac versions of the NT, putting on a wholly new footing the study of the relation of the Peshitta to the Old Syriac Gospels. He also made valuable discoveries in the allied field of Syriac liturgies. Among his more important writings, nearly all of which reflect his brilliant and unconventional mind, are The Old Latin and the Itala (1896), StEphraim's Quotations from the Gospel (1901), the art. ‘Text and Versions’ in the Encyclopaedia Biblica (vol. 4, 1903), Evangelion da-Mepharreshe (2 vols., 1904), The Religion of the Manichees (1925), Palestine in General History (Schweich Lectures, 1929) and Church and Gnosis (1932).

From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Christianity.


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