Sir Simon Burley

(c. 1336—1388) soldier and courtier

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Richard II (1367—1400) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343—1400) poet and administrator

Jean Froissart (c. 1337—1404) historian and poet


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Brother of John, a friend of the Black Prince, and an influential man in Richard II's court. He was a garter knight, JP for Kent, constable of Dover, and warden of the Cinque Ports. With Chaucer he was a fellow witness at the Scrope-Grosvenor trial (see Geoffrey Chaucer: life) and was associated with the poet as a member of the commission of peace for Kent from 1385. As a result of the accusations of the Appellants, he was impeached for misuse of power and responsibility for corrupting the court, and, in spite of pleas from the queen and others, was executed in 1388. Froissart calls him a wise and gentle knight. He left twenty-one books, and seems to have been a man of some literary tastes, who shared Froissart's liking for chivalric romance.

From The Oxford Companion to Chaucer in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval).

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