John Burns

(1858—1943) labour leader and politician

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Trade union organizer and exponent of ‘Lib‐Labism’. Burns was born in London. Despite little education he became an engineer, and involved himself in the Amalgamated Society of Engineers. An accomplished orator, he was one of the organizers of the London dock strike of 1889. In 1884 Burns had joined the Social Democratic Federation, and acquired a reputation as a socialist militant. But by the 1890s he had broken both with Marxism and with trade unionism, supporting instead the furtherance of working‐class interests within the Liberal Party. Elected as an independent Labour MP for Battersea in 1892, in 1905 he accepted office as president of the Local Government Board in the Liberal administration. Burns resigned from the government in 1914, apparently in protest against war with Germany.

Subjects: British History — World History.

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