burnt mound

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A substantial mound representing the accumulation of burnt or fire‐crazed stones, ash, and charcoal, usually situated beside a river or lake. Within or adjacent to the mound there are usually hearths and some kind of trough or basin capable of holding water. They are found in many parts of the British Isles, being especially numerous in Ireland, and date mainly to the 2nd and 1st millennia bc. There is much debate about their function, some authorities maintaining that they are cooking sites, while others prefer to see them as sweat‐houses or perhaps even retreats for ritual observance and taking hallucinogens.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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