Richard Burthogge was born in Plymouth, the son of a tradesman, and educated at Exeter Grammar School. He entered All Souls College, Oxford in 1654, transferred to Lincoln College, and received his BA in 1658. In 1661, he entered the University of Leiden, and took his MD in the following year. He settled in Bowden in Devon, where he practised medicine. His practice prospered, and two good marriages brought him additional wealth. During the reign of James II he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Devon and he continued in that office during the reign of William III.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.