(b Shrewsbury, 1726; d London, 1814).
Eng. organist (London churches, King's Lynn, finally Chelsea Hospital); minor composer; author of History of Music (4 vols., 1776–89), of 2 books narrating his travel experiences in Fr., It., Ger., etc., also of a life of Metastasio. Friend of and greatly esteemed by Johnson, Garrick, Reynolds, Burke, and other leaders of politics, science, art, literature, and social life of his period. Haydn, on his two visits to London, spent much time with him. Father of the novelists Fanny and Sarah Harriet Burney, of the writer on South Sea exploration, Rear‐Admiral James Burney (one of Cook's officers in his circumnavigation), and of the Gr. scholar, Charles Burney, jun.