(b Turin, 20 June 1872; d Milan, 18 May 1922). Italian soprano. She appeared first as a violinist, then studied singing at the Milan Conservatory, making her début in 1899 at Turin in Cavalleria rusticana. Specialising in the new verismo school, she sang throughout Italy, in South America and at St Petersburg. Among her many appearances at La Scala were admired performances in C. W. Gluck's Armide and Vincenzo Bellini's Norma. For a while she was one of the leading dramatic sopranos in Italy, but she suffered from nerves and ill-health. She made her final appearance in 1919 in Amilcare Ponchielli's Marion Delorme. Her recordings show a vibrant voice and a passionate style, which was imaginative and exciting at best but open to many criticisms on grounds of unevenness and over-emphasis.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.