A colourless crystalline fatty acid, (CH2)2(COOH)2; r.d. 1.6; m.p. 185°C; b.p. 235°C. A weak carboxylic acid, it is produced by fermentation of sugar or ammonium tartrate and used as a sequestrant and in making dyes. It occurs in living organisms as an intermediate in metabolism, especially in the Krebs cycle.