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Richard Butler

(1743—1791) revolutionary army officer in America


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(1743–91) Revolutionary army officer and Indian commissioner, born in Dublin, Ireland. In the Revolutionary War, Butler fought under Daniel Morgan and Anthony Wayne;he fought at Monmouth (1778) and Yorktown (1781). He was brevetted brigadier general in 1783. Appointed an Indian commissioner (1784), Butler (with his colleagues) extracted vast territorial concessions. In 1791, under Arthur St. Clair, he campaigned against the Ohio Indians. On November 4, a force led by the Miami warrior Little Turtle surprised and overwhelmed Butler and St. Clair's troops. Butler died from a tomahawk blow to the head, one of some 600 white soldiers killed in this greatest single defeat suffered by a U.S. military force at the hands of Native Americans.

From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.


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