(1831–1901) soldier and businessman, born in Utica, New York. A brigadier general of volunteers under Gen. George B. McClellan, Butterfield was chief of staff to generals Joseph Hooker and George G. Meade. At Gaines' Mill, he rescued the colors of an embattled regiment and led the outfit in a counterattack (June 1862); for which he was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. As chief of staff to Meade at Gettysburg (1863), he later claimed Meade had ordered him to draw up a plan to retreat even after the battle began.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.