Scottish painter. He studied at the Académie Julian, Paris, 1899–1902, and lived in Munich, 1906–8, before settling in his native Edinburgh. Unlike the other Scottish Colourists, he was initially less influenced by Post-Impressionism and Fauvism than by the tradition of virtuoso brushwork stemming from Manet. Cadell's The Black Bottle (1903, NG, Edinburgh), for example, could in reproduction be mistaken for a late Manet, and in The Model (c.1910, NG of Modern Art, Edinburgh) his luscious handling of paint is at least as close to that of certain northern European painters, such as Liebermann or Zorn, as it is to anything in contemporary French painting. From about 1920, however, Cadell's work became brighter and bolder (and less subtle)—closer to that of his friend Peploe. Like Peploe, Cadell is now particularly well known for landscapes painted on the island of Iona, which he visited regularly from 1919, after he returned from active service in the First World War.